November 25, 2022

How Do Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP) Work?

Each province in Canada varies widely based on whether the province is coastal such as British Columbia or Prince Edward Island, inland such as Manitoba or Saskatchewan, or highly populated such as Ontario or Quebec. Since the geography varies so much from coast to coast, each province and territory has come up with provincial immigration programs to address the unique needs of that province.

One of Canada's most popular programs offered by many provinces is the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). These programs are designed to attract and invite those who:

  1. Have the skills, education, and work experience to contribute to the economy of a specific province or territory.
  2. Want to live in the province that nominates them
  3. Want to become permanent residents of Canada

For each province, there are “streams” that represent immigration programs targeted to specific groups of people based on provincial and territorial needs.In most cases, streams are looking to target students, business people, skilled workers, ad semi-skilled workers to come land and live in that province.

So, what are the streams, and how do you apply?

The application process is broken down into two options:>

  1. Applying using Express Entry
  2. Non-Express Entry Application

How do you know which type of application is required? Well, that depends on which Provincial Nominee Program Stream you are applying to.

Regardless of the stream, all applicants under the Provincial Nomination Programs will be required to pass a medical exam, and get a police check certificate.

Now, let’s talk about the 2 PNP streams:

Non-Express Entry Process

If you choose to apply through the Non-Express Entry Process, you must apply for nomination under a Non-Express Entry stream. Under this stream, each province has eligibility requirements that you must meet to receive a nomination. Once you are nominated, you are eligible to apply for PR. In this process, you will need to get a medical exam and a police check. This stream of the Provincial Nominee Program takes longer than the Express Entry stream.

Express Entry Process

If you choose to apply through the Express Entry Process you are faced with two options on ways to apply. In the first option, you must contact the province or territory in which you seek the nomination. If the province or territory chooses to nominate you, you create an Express Entry Profile (or update your existing one) to reflect that you have been nominated.

The second option is somewhat a reversal of the first, wherein you create an Express Entry Profile and show the provinces or territories you’re interested in. If a province or territory is interested in nominating you, they will send you a notification of interest to your account. You can then contact that province directly. Following contact, the nomination certificate will be sent to your account or you to accept electronically.

Which program is better for me

The honest answer is - it depends! Both programs will require applicants to:

    Meet the eligibility requirements of the province/territory Submit an Express Entry Profile and ensure that you meet the minimum criteria for Express Entry

Once you meet the requirements, you are eligible to submit an application to IRCC.